前言

题图为 RPM 包制作原理图,有时候为了方便源码包的安装,和我们自己订制软件包的需求,我们会把一些源码包按照我们的需求来做成 rpm 包,当有了源码包就可以直接编译得到二进制安装包和其他任意包。spec file 是制作 rpm 包最核心的部分,rpm 包的制作就是根据 spec file 来实现的。在制作自定义 rpm 包的时候最好不要使用管理员进行, 因为管理员权限过大,如果一个命令写错了,结果可能是灾难性的,而制件一个 rpm 包普通用户完全可以实现。本文主要介绍使用 rpmbuild 制作 Nginx 的 RPM 包,大部分步骤已经使用 Bash Shell 自动化完成了,大家可以基于此重新定义。

使用 rpmbuild 制作 Nginx 的 RPM 包

更新历史

2019 年 01 月 16 日 - 初稿

阅读原文 - https://wsgzao.github.io/post/rpmbuild/

扩展阅读

Creating RPM packages - https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/quick-docs/creating-rpm-packages/index.html
How to create a GNU Hello RPM - https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/How_to_create_a_GNU_Hello_RPM_package/zh-cn
使用 rpm-build 制作 nginx 的 rpm 包 - http://blog.51cto.com/nmshuishui/1583117


什么是 RPM

An RPM package is simply a file containing other files and information about them needed by the system. Specifically, an RPM package consists of the cpio archive, which contains the files, and the RPM header, which contains metadata about the package. The rpm package manager uses this metadata to determine dependencies, where to install files, and other information.

There are two types of RPM packages:

  • source RPM (SRPM)
  • binary RPM

SRPMs and binary RPMs share the file format and tooling, but have different contents and serve different purposes. An SRPM contains source code, optionally patches to it, and a SPEC file, which describes how to build the source code into a binary RPM. A binary RPM contains the binaries built from the sources and patches.

RPM 有五种基本的操作功能:安装、卸载、升级、查询和验证。

Linux 软件包分为两大类:

  1. 二进制类包,包括 rpm 安装包(一般分为 i386 和 x86 等几种)
  2. 源码类包,源码包和开发包应该归位此类(.src.rpm)

在 Redhat 下,rpm 包的默认制作路径在 /usr/src/redhat 下,这其中包含了 6 个目录(要求全部大写)。但 Centos 并没有该目录,因此我们不得不自定义工作车间,即使在 Redhat 下有该目录,一般也是自定义到普通用户的家目录下的

Directory Usage
BUILD 源代码解压以后放的位置,只需提供 BUILD 目录,具体里面放什么,不用我们管,所以真正的制作车间是 BUILD 目录
RPMS 制作完成后的 rpm 包存放目录,为特定平台指定子目录(i386,i686,ppc)
SOURCES 收集的源文件,源材料,补丁文件等存放位置
SPECS 存放 spec 文件,作为制作 rpm 包的领岗文件,以 rpm 名. spec
SRPMS src 格式的 rpm 包位置 ,既然是 src 格式的包,就没有平台的概念了
BuiltRoot 假根,使用 install 临时安装到这个目录,把这个目录当作根来用的,所以在这个目录下的目录文件,才是真正的目录文件。当打包完成后,在清理阶段,这个目录将被删除

更详细的介绍可以参考 RPM Packaging Guide

https://rpm-packaging-guide.github.io/

制作 rpm 包

如果你只关心如何使用可以直接跳过看下文,这里主要展示代码和配置文件

build shell

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# luajit.sh
LUAVER=2.0.5
WKDIR="/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES"
cd $WKDIR
wget http://luajit.org/download/LuaJIT-$LUAVER.tar.gz
tar zxf LuaJIT-$LUAVER.tar.gz
rm LuaJIT-$LUAVER.tar.gz
cd LuaJIT-$LUAVER
make BUILDMODE=static
make install
export LUAJIT_LIB=/usr/local/lib
export LUAJIT_INC=/usr/local/include/luajit-2.0

# build.sh
NGX_VER=1.14.1
WKDIR="/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES"
CURRENTDIR=`dirname $(readlink -f "$0")`
echo $CURRENTDIR
export LUAJIT_LIB=/usr/local/lib
export LUAJIT_INC=/usr/local/include/luajit-2.0
cd $WKDIR
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGX_VER.tar.gz
tar xzf nginx-$NGX_VER.tar.gz
rm nginx-$NGX_VER.tar.gz
mv nginx-$NGX_VER nginx-garena-$NGX_VER
cd nginx-garena-$NGX_VER/

mkdir -p contrib
cd contrib/
git clone git://github.com/bigplum/Nginx-limit-traffic-rate-module.git
git clone git://github.com/agentzh/headers-more-nginx-module.git
#git clone git://github.com/gnosek/nginx-upstream-fair.git
git clone git://github.com/agentzh/echo-nginx-module.git
#git clone git://github.com/arut/nginx-dav-ext-module.git
git clone git://github.com/r10r/ngx_http_auth_pam_module.git
git clone git://github.com/FRiCKLE/ngx_cache_purge.git
git clone git://github.com/simpl/ngx_devel_kit.git
git clone git://github.com/openresty/lua-nginx-module.git
git clone git://github.com/nbs-system/naxsi.git
rm -rf */.git
cd ..

cp -r $CURRENTDIR/nginx-template/* $WKDIR/nginx-garena-$NGX_VER/
cp $CURRENTDIR/nginx-spec /root/rpmbuild/SPECS/
#cp /root/rules $WKDIR/nginx-garena-$NGX_VER/debian/
cd $WKDIR
tar zcf nginx-garena-$NGX_VER.tar.gz nginx-garena-$NGX_VER/
cd /root/rpmbuild/SPECS/
rpmbuild -ba nginx-spec
cd /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch

nginx-spec

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# 1.The introduction section 
Name: nginx-garena # 软件包名称
Version: 1.14.1 # 版本号
Release: 0 # release 号
Summary: nginx garena rpm # 简要描述信息
Source0: nginx-garena-1.14.1.tar.gz # source 主要是引用一下自己定义好的脚本,配置文件之类的内容
License: GPL # 一定带上(最好是对方源码包的 License)BSD,GPL,GPLv2
Group: Rahul # 要全用这里面的一个组:less /usr/share/doc/rpm-version/GROUPS
BuildArch: noarch
BuildRoot: %{_tmppath}/%{name}-buildroot
%description # 软件包详述
Garena self-build Nginx.
%define _binaries_in_noarch_packages_terminate_build 0

# 2.The Prep section 准备阶段, 主要就是把源码包解压到 build 目录下,设置一下环境变量,并 cd 进去
%prep
%setup -q %{name}-%{version} # 这个宏的作用静默模式解压并 cd

# 3.The Build Section 编译制作阶段,这一节主要用于编译源码
%build
CFLAGS="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS" ./configure --prefix=/usr/share/nginx/ \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi \
--with-pcre-jit \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_mp4_module \
--with-file-aio \
--with-http_v2_module \
--with-stream \
--with-stream_ssl_module \
--with-http_auth_request_module \
--with-http_slice_module \
--with-threads \
--with-http_gunzip_module \
--with-http_random_index_module \
--with-http_secure_link_module \
--with-http_geoip_module \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2p \
--with-http_addition_module \
--with-http_geoip_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-ipv6 \
--without-mail_pop3_module \
--without-mail_imap_module \
--without-mail_smtp_module \
--add-module=contrib/Nginx-limit-traffic-rate-module \
--add-module=contrib/headers-more-nginx-module \
--add-module=contrib/echo-nginx-module \
--add-module=contrib/ngx_http_auth_pam_module \
--add-module=contrib/ngx_cache_purge \
--add-module=contrib/ngx_devel_kit \
--add-module=contrib/lua-nginx-module \
--add-module=contrib/naxsi/naxsi_src
make -j8

# 4.Install section 这一节主要用于完成实际安装软件必须执行的命令,可包含 4 种类型脚本
%install
[ "$RPM_BUILD_ROOT" != "/" ] && rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
make DESTDIR=$RPM_BUILD_ROOT install
install -m 0755 -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/sites-enabled
install -m 0755 -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/sites-available
install -m 0755 -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/var/log/nginx
install -m 0755 -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/var/lib/nginx
install -D -m 644 conf/sites-available/000_stub_status $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/sites-available/000_stub_status
install -D -m 644 conf/django_fastcgi_params $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/django_fastcgi_params
install -D -m 644 conf/naxsi_core.rules $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/naxsi_core.rules
install -D -m 644 conf/sites-available/000_stub_status $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/000_stub_status
install -D -m 644 logrotate.d/nginx $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/etc/logrotate.d/nginx
install -D -m 644 nginx.service $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

# 5.clean section 清理段,clean 的主要作用就是删除 BUILD
%clean
[ "$RPM_BUILD_ROOT" != "/" ] && rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
%post
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -d /var/www www-data
chown -R www-data.www-data /var/log/nginx /var/lib/nginx
systemctl enable nginx
echo %{name}-%{version} is successfully installed.
systemctl start nginx
# 6.file section 文件列表段,这个阶段是把前面已经编译好的内容要打包了
%files
%defattr(-,root,root)
%dir /etc/nginx
/etc/nginx/*
%dir /usr/src/debug/nginx-garena-1.14.1
/usr/src/debug/nginx-garena-1.14.1/*
/usr/sbin/nginx
%dir /usr/share/nginx
/usr/share/nginx/*
/etc/logrotate.d/nginx
/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
/usr/lib/debug/*
/usr/lib/debug/.build-id/*
%dir /var/log/nginx
%dir /var/lib/nginx
%config(noreplace) /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

nginx-template

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nginx-template
├── conf
│   ├── django_fastcgi_params
│   ├── naxsi_core.rules
│   └── sites-available
│   └── 000_stub_status
├── logrotate.d
│   └── nginx
├── nginx.conf
└── nginx.service

# nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/nginx-template/conf/django_fastcgi_params
fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;

fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;

fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

fastcgi_param HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTOCOL $scheme;

fastcgi_pass_header Authorization;
fastcgi_intercept_errors off;
fastcgi_keep_conn on;

# nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/nginx-template/conf/naxsi_core.rules
##################################
## INTERNAL RULES IDS:1-999 ##
##################################
#@MainRule "msg:weird request, unable to parse" id:1;
#@MainRule "msg:request too big, stored on disk and not parsed" id:2;
#@MainRule "msg:invalid hex encoding, null bytes" id:10;
#@MainRule "msg:unknown content-type" id:11;
#@MainRule "msg:invalid formatted url" id:12;
#@MainRule "msg:invalid POST format" id:13;
#@MainRule "msg:invalid POST boundary" id:14;
#@MainRule "msg:invalid JSON" id:15;
#@MainRule "msg:empty POST" id:16;
#@MainRule "msg:libinjection_sql" id:17;
#@MainRule "msg:libinjection_xss" id:18;

##################################
## SQL Injections IDs:1000-1099 ##
##################################
MainRule "rx:select|union|update|delete|insert|table|from|ascii|hex|unhex|drop" "msg:sql keywords" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4" id:1000;
MainRule "str:\"" "msg:double quote" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:8,$XSS:8" id:1001;
MainRule "str:0x" "msg:0x, possible hex encoding" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:2" id:1002;
## Hardcore rules
MainRule "str:/*" "msg:mysql comment (/*)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:8" id:1003;
MainRule "str:*/" "msg:mysql comment (*/)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:8" id:1004;
MainRule "str:|" "msg:mysql keyword (|)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:8" id:1005;
MainRule "str:&&" "msg:mysql keyword (&&)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:8" id:1006;
## end of hardcore rules
MainRule "str:--" "msg:mysql comment (--)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4" id:1007;
MainRule "str:;" "msg:semicolon" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS" "s:$SQL:4,$XSS:8" id:1008;
MainRule "str:=" "msg:equal sign in var, probable sql/xss" "mz:ARGS|BODY" "s:$SQL:2" id:1009;
MainRule "str:(" "msg:open parenthesis, probable sql/xss" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4,$XSS:8" id:1010;
MainRule "str:)" "msg:close parenthesis, probable sql/xss" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4,$XSS:8" id:1011;
MainRule "str:'" "msg:simple quote" "mz:ARGS|BODY|URL|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4,$XSS:8" id:1013;
MainRule "str:," "msg:comma" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4" id:1015;
MainRule "str:#" "msg:mysql comment (#)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4" id:1016;
MainRule "str:@@" "msg:double arobase (@@)" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$SQL:4" id:1017;

###############################
## OBVIOUS RFI IDs:1100-1199 ##
###############################
MainRule "str:http://" "msg:http:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1100;
MainRule "str:https://" "msg:https:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1101;
MainRule "str:ftp://" "msg:ftp:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1102;
MainRule "str:php://" "msg:php:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1103;
MainRule "str:sftp://" "msg:sftp:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1104;
MainRule "str:zlib://" "msg:zlib:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1105;
MainRule "str:data://" "msg:data:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1106;
MainRule "str:glob://" "msg:glob:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1107;
MainRule "str:phar://" "msg:phar:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1108;
MainRule "str:file://" "msg:file:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1109;
MainRule "str:gopher://" "msg:gopher:// scheme" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$RFI:8" id:1110;

#######################################
## Directory traversal IDs:1200-1299 ##
#######################################
MainRule "str:.." "msg:double dot" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:4" id:1200;
MainRule "str:/etc/passwd" "msg:obvious probe" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:4" id:1202;
MainRule "str:c:\\" "msg:obvious windows path" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:4" id:1203;
MainRule "str:cmd.exe" "msg:obvious probe" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:4" id:1204;
MainRule "str:\\" "msg:backslash" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:4" id:1205;
#MainRule "str:/" "msg:slash in args" "mz:ARGS|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$TRAVERSAL:2" id:1206;

########################################
## Cross Site Scripting IDs:1300-1399 ##
########################################
MainRule "str:<" "msg:html open tag" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:8" id:1302;
MainRule "str:>" "msg:html close tag" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:8" id:1303;
MainRule "str:[" "msg:open square backet ([), possible js" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:4" id:1310;
MainRule "str:]" "msg:close square bracket (]), possible js" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:4" id:1311;
MainRule "str:~" "msg:tilde (~) character" "mz:BODY|URL|ARGS|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:4" id:1312;
MainRule "str:`" "msg:grave accent (`)" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:8" id:1314;
MainRule "rx:%[2|3]." "msg:double encoding" "mz:ARGS|URL|BODY|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$XSS:8" id:1315;

####################################
## Evading tricks IDs: 1400-1500 ##
####################################
MainRule "str:&#" "msg:utf7/8 encoding" "mz:ARGS|BODY|URL|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$EVADE:4" id:1400;
MainRule "str:%U" "msg:M$ encoding" "mz:ARGS|BODY|URL|$HEADERS_VAR:Cookie" "s:$EVADE:4" id:1401;

#############################
## File uploads: 1500-1600 ##
#############################
MainRule "rx:\.ph|\.asp|\.ht" "msg:asp/php file upload" "mz:FILE_EXT" "s:$UPLOAD:8" id:1500;

# nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/nginx-template/logrotate.d/nginx
/var/log/nginx/*.log /var/log/nginx/*/*.log{
daily
missingok
rotate 14
compress
delaycompress
notifempty
create 640 root adm
sharedscripts
postrotate
[ ! -f /var/run/nginx.pid ] || kill -USR1 `cat /var/run/nginx.pid`
endscript
}

# nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/nginx-template/nginx.conf
user www-data;
worker_processes auto;

#worker_cpu_affinity 00000001 00000010 00000100 00001000 00010000 00100000 01000000 10000000;
worker_rlimit_nofile 655650;

error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
worker_connections 10240;
}


http {
# include /etc/nginx/naxsi_core.rules;
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format garena '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_iso8601]"$request"$status $body_bytes_sent'
'"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" $request_time $upstream_response_time "$http_x_forwarded_for" "$geoip_country_code" "$host"';
log_format garena_post '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_iso8601]"$request"$status $body_bytes_sent'
'"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" $request_time $upstream_response_time "$http_x_forwarded_for" "$geoip_country_code" "$host" "$request_body"';
log_format compact '$time_iso8601|$remote_addr|$geoip_country_code|$http_x_forwarded_for|$status|$request_time|$upstream_response_time|$request_length|$body_bytes_sent|$host|$request|$http_referer|$http_user_agent';
log_format compact_post '$time_iso8601|$remote_addr|$geoip_country_code|$http_x_forwarded_for|$status|$request_time|$upstream_response_time|$request_length|$body_bytes_sent|$host|$request|$http_referer|$http_user_agent|$request_body';


# access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
# tcp_nopush on;

keepalive_timeout 30;
fastcgi_keep_conn on;
tcp_nodelay on;

gzip on;
gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.(?!.*SV1)";
gzip_proxied any;
gzip_buffers 16 8k;
gzip_types text/plain application/javascript application/x-javascript text/javascript text/xml text/css application/json;
gzip_vary on;
include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

set_real_ip_from 10.0.0.0/8;
real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
# real_ip_recursive on;
# geoip_country /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat;

server_tokens off; # returns "Server: nginx"
more_clear_headers Server; # doesn't return"Server: "header at all
}

# nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/nginx-template/nginx.service
[Unit]
Description=The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
KillMode=process
KillSignal=SIGQUIT
TimeoutStopSec=5
PrivateTmp=true

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Initialize rpmbuild env

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# check current os version and kernel
cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.5.1804 (Core)
uname -r
3.10.0-862.el7.x86_64

# install lua
sh luajit.sh

# yum install dependencies
yum install -y gcc pam-devel git rpm-build pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel geoip-devel

# mkdir
mkdir -p /root/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
mkdir -p /root/rpmbuild/SPECS/
mkdir -p /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch

# download openssl
cd /usr/local/src
wget https://github.com/openssl/openssl/archive/OpenSSL_1_0_2p.tar.gz
tar xf OpenSSL_1_0_2p.tar.gz
mv openssl-OpenSSL_1_0_2p/ openssl-1.0.2p

# confirm these files are correct
[root@localhost ~]# tree nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/
nginx-rpmbuild-centos7/
├── build.sh
├── conf_buid
│   ├── conf
│   │   ├── django_fastcgi_params
│   │   ├── fastcgi.conf
│   │   ├── fastcgi_params
│   │   ├── koi-utf
│   │   ├── koi-win
│   │   ├── mime.types
│   │   ├── naxsi_core.rules
│   │   ├── nginx.conf
│   │   ├── scgi_params
│   │   ├── sites-available
│   │   │   └── 000_stub_status
│   │   ├── uwsgi_params
│   │   └── win-utf
│   ├── logrotate.d
│   │   └── nginx
│   ├── nginx.conf
│   └── nginx.service
├── luajit.sh
├── nginx-spec
└── nginx-template
├── conf
│   ├── django_fastcgi_params
│   ├── naxsi_core.rules
│   └── sites-available
│   └── 000_stub_status
├── logrotate.d
│   └── nginx
├── nginx.conf
└── nginx.service

8 directories, 24 files

How to build Nginx RPM

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# check nginx stable version from official website
http://nginx.org/en/download.html

# check configuration
vim build.sh

NGX_VER=1.14.1
WKDIR="/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES"

# check nginx version
vim nginx-spec

replace 1.14.1 to 1.14.2

# run build.sh
./build.sh

# RPM package
Processing files: nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.noarch
warning: File listed twice: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Provides: config(nginx-garena) = 1.14.2-0 nginx-garena = 1.14.2-0
Requires(interp): /bin/sh
Requires(rpmlib): rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1 rpmlib(FileDigests) <= 4.6.0-1 rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
Requires(post): /bin/sh
Requires: libGeoIP.so.1()(64bit) libc.so.6()(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.10)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.11)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.2.5)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3.2)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3.4)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.4)(64bit) libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.7)(64bit) libcrypt.so.1()(64bit) libcrypt.so.1(GLIBC_2.2.5)(64bit) libdl.so.2()(64bit) libdl.so.2(GLIBC_2.2.5)(64bit) libgcc_s.so.1()(64bit) libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.0)(64bit) libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.3)(64bit) libm.so.6()(64bit) libm.so.6(GLIBC_2.2.5)(64bit) libpam.so.0()(64bit) libpam.so.0(LIBPAM_1.0)(64bit) libpcre.so.1()(64bit) libpthread.so.0()(64bit) libpthread.so.0(GLIBC_2.2.5)(64bit) libpthread.so.0(GLIBC_2.3.2)(64bit) libz.so.1()(64bit) rtld(GNU_HASH)
warning: Arch dependent binaries in noarch package
Checking for unpackaged file(s): /usr/lib/rpm/check-files /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.x86_64
Wrote: /root/rpmbuild/SRPMS/nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.src.rpm
Wrote: /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.noarch.rpm
Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.iR5dLd
+ umask 022
+ cd /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
+ cd nginx-garena-1.14.2
+ '[' /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.x86_64 '!=' / ']'
+ rm -rf /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/nginx-garena-1.14.2-0.x86_64
+ exit 0
文章目录
  1. 1. 前言
  2. 2. 更新历史
  3. 3. 什么是 RPM
  4. 4. 制作 rpm 包
    1. 4.1. build shell
    2. 4.2. nginx-spec
    3. 4.3. nginx-template
  5. 5. Initialize rpmbuild env
  6. 6. How to build Nginx RPM