文章目录
  1. 1. 前言
  2. 2. 更新历史
  3. 3. LTMP版本
  4. 4. 配置Tengine
    1. 4.1. 安装PCRE
  5. 5. 安装Tengine
    1. 5.1. 配置Nginx
    2. 5.2. 添加Tengine到服务
  6. 6. 安装MySQL
  7. 7. 安装Apache
  8. 8. 安装PHP
    1. 8.1. PHP基础环境
    2. 8.2. 配置php-fpm
    3. 8.3. 配置memcache/mongo/redis
  9. 9. 自动化部署
  10. 10. GitHub源码仓库

前言

现在很多朋友都了解或者已经在使用LNMP架构,一般可以理解为Linux Shell为CentOS/RadHat/Fedora/Debian/Ubuntu/等平台安装LNMP(Nginx/MySQL/PHP),LNMPA(Nginx/MySQL/PHP/Apache),LAMP(Apache/MySQL/PHP)等类似的开发或生产环境。我自己是从SuSE/Oracle商业化环境走出来的,对于开源的部署方案也是在一点一点摸索,我相信其中也必然包含某些坑爹的配置。这篇文章较为详细的描述了基于LTMP架构的部署过程,之后会再考虑独立各个模块分享细节和技巧,如果大家有更合适的配置实践手册欢迎一起分享,文章中的错误和改进点也请帮忙指点下哈。

LTMP(CentOS/Tengine/MySQL/PHP)


更新历史

2015年08月14日 - 更新GitHub自动部署源码和安装包
2015年08月04日 - 初稿

阅读原文 - https://wsgzao.github.io/post/ltmp/

扩展阅读

CentOS - http://www.centos.org/
Tengine - http://tengine.taobao.org/
Nginx - http://nginx.org/en/docs/
MySQL - http://www.mysql.com/
PHP - http://php.net/
LTMP索引 - https://wsgzao.github.io/index/#LTMP


LTMP版本

  1. CentOS_6.5_64
  2. Tengine-2.1.0
  3. MySQL_5.6.25
  4. PHP_5.5.27
  5. Apache_2.2.31(酱油)

##准备工作

如果允许公网访问会方便很多

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#优化History历史记录
vi /etc/bashrc
#设置保存历史命令的文件大小
export HISTFILESIZE=1000000000
#保存历史命令条数
export HISTSIZE=1000000
#实时记录历史命令,默认只有在用户退出之后才会统一记录,很容易造成多个用户间的相互覆盖。
export PROMPT_COMMAND="history -a"
#记录每条历史命令的执行时间
export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%Y-%m-%d_%H:%M:%S "
#设置时区(可选)
rm -rf /etc/localtime
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
#禁用NetworkManager(可选)
/etc/init.d/NetworkManager stop
chkconfig NetworkManager off
/etc/init.d/network restart
#关闭iptables(可选)
/etc/init.d/iptables stop
chkconfig iptables off
#设置dns(可选)
echo "nameserver 114.114.114.114" > /etc/resolv.conf
#关闭maildrop
#cd /var/spool/postfix/maildrop;ls | xargs rm -rf;
sed 's/MAILTO=root/MAILTO=""/g' /etc/crontab
service crond restart
#关闭selinux
setenforce 0
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
#文件打开数量,
echo ulimit -SHn 65535 >> /etc/profile
source /etc/profile
#修改最大进程和最大文件打开数限制
vi /etc/security/limits.conf
* soft nproc 11000
* hard nproc 11000
* soft nofile 655350
* hard nofile 655350
sed -i -e '/# End of file/i\* soft nofile 65535\n* hard nofile 65535' /etc/security/limits.conf
#优化TCP
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
#禁用包过滤功能
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
#启用源路由核查功能
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
#禁用所有IP源路由
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
#使用sysrq组合键是了解系统目前运行情况,为安全起见设为0关闭
kernel.sysrq = 0
#控制core文件的文件名是否添加pid作为扩展
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
#开启SYN Cookies,当出现SYN等待队列溢出时,启用cookies来处理
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
#每个消息队列的大小(单位:字节)限制
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
#整个系统最大消息队列数量限制
kernel.msgmax = 65536
#单个共享内存段的大小(单位:字节)限制,计算公式64G*1024*1024*1024(字节)
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
#所有内存大小(单位:页,1页 = 4Kb),计算公式16G*1024*1024*1024/4KB(页)
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
#timewait的数量,默认是180000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
#开启有选择的应答
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
#支持更大的TCP窗口. 如果TCP窗口最大超过65535(64K), 必须设置该数值为1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
#TCP读buffer
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 131072 1048576
#TCP写buffer
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 131072 1048576
#为TCP socket预留用于发送缓冲的内存默认值(单位:字节)
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
#为TCP socket预留用于发送缓冲的内存最大值(单位:字节)
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
#为TCP socket预留用于接收缓冲的内存默认值(单位:字节)
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
#为TCP socket预留用于接收缓冲的内存最大值(单位:字节)
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
#每个网络接口接收数据包的速率比内核处理这些包的速率快时,允许送到队列的数据包的最大数目
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
#web应用中listen函数的backlog默认会给我们内核参数的net.core.somaxconn限制到128,而nginx定义的NGX_LISTEN_BACKLOG默认为511,所以有必要调整这个值
net.core.somaxconn = 262144
#系统中最多有多少个TCP套接字不被关联到任何一个用户文件句柄上。这个限制仅仅是为了防止简单的DoS攻击,不能过分依靠它或者人为地减小这个值,更应该增加这个值(如果增加了内存之后)
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
#记录的那些尚未收到客户端确认信息的连接请求的最大值。对于有128M内存的系统而言,缺省值是1024,小内存的系统则是128
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
#时间戳可以避免序列号的卷绕。一个1Gbps的链路肯定会遇到以前用过的序列号。时间戳能够让内核接受这种“异常”的数据包。这里需要将其关掉
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
#为了打开对端的连接,内核需要发送一个SYN并附带一个回应前面一个SYN的ACK。也就是所谓三次握手中的第二次握手。这个设置决定了内核放弃连接之前发送SYN+ACK包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
#在内核放弃建立连接之前发送SYN包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
#开启TCP连接中time_wait sockets的快速回收
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#开启TCP连接复用功能,允许将time_wait sockets重新用于新的TCP连接(主要针对time_wait连接)
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
#1st低于此值,TCP没有内存压力,2nd进入内存压力阶段,3rdTCP拒绝分配socket(单位:内存页)
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
#如果套接字由本端要求关闭,这个参数决定了它保持在FIN-WAIT-2状态的时间。对端可以出错并永远不关闭连接,甚至意外当机。缺省值是60 秒。2.2 内核的通常值是180秒,你可以按这个设置,但要记住的是,即使你的机器是一个轻载的WEB服务器,也有因为大量的死套接字而内存溢出的风险,FIN- WAIT-2的危险性比FIN-WAIT-1要小,因为它最多只能吃掉1.5K内存,但是它们的生存期长些。
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 15
#表示当keepalive起用的时候,TCP发送keepalive消息的频度(单位:秒)
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30
#对外连接端口范围
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 2048 65000
#表示文件句柄的最大数量
fs.file-max = 102400
#云主机上的优化
# Kernel sysctl configuration file for Red Hat Linux
#
# For binary values, 0 is disabled, 1 is enabled. See sysctl(8) and
# sysctl.conf(5) for more details.
# Controls IP packet forwarding
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
# Controls source route verification
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
# Do not accept source routing
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
# Controls the System Request debugging functionality of the kernel
# Controls whether core dumps will append the PID to the core filename.
# Useful for debugging multi-threaded applications.
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
# Controls the use of TCP syncookies
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
# Disable netfilter on bridges.
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0
# Controls the default maxmimum size of a mesage queue
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
# Controls the maximum size of a message, in bytes
kernel.msgmax = 65536
# Controls the maximum shared segment size, in bytes
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
# Controls the maximum number of shared memory segments, in pages
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 1000000
kernel.unknown_nmi_panic = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
fs.file-max = 1000000
vm.swappiness = 10
fs.inotify.max_user_watches = 10000000
net.core.wmem_max = 327679
net.core.rmem_max = 327679
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
/sbin/sysctl -p
#自动选择最快的yum源
yum -y install yum-fastestmirror
#移除系统自带的rpm包的http mysql php
#yum remove httpd* php*
yum remove httpd mysql mysql-server php php-cli php-common php-devel php-gd -y
#升级基础库
yum install -y wget gcc gcc-c++ openssl* curl curl-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel gd gd2 gd-devel gd2-devel libaio autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel
#yum安装基础必备环境包,可以先将yum源更换为阿里云的源
阿里:http://mirrors.aliyun.com/
搜狐:http://mirrors.sohu.com/
网易:http://mirrors.163.com/
#备份原先的yum源信息
mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
#从阿里云镜像站下载centos6的repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo
#最后yum重新生成缓存
yum makecache
#yum安装软件包(可选)
yum -y install tar zip unzip openssl* gd gd-devel gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel openldap-clients openldap-servers make libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel fontconfig fontconfig-devel libXpm* libtool* libxml2 libxml2-devel t1lib t1lib-devel
#定义目录结构,下载安装包
mkdir -p /app/{local,data}
cd /app/local
#PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
wget "ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.37.tar.gz"
#Tengine
wget "http://tengine.taobao.org/download/tengine-2.1.0.tar.gz"
#MySQL
wget "https://downloads.mariadb.com/archives/mysql-5.6/mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz"
#PHP
wget "http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.11.tar.gz"
#Mhash
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz"
#libmcrypt
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz"
#Mcrypt
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz"

配置Tengine

安装PCRE

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tar zxvf pcre-8.37.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.37
./configure
make && make install
cd ../

安装Tengine

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#添加www用户和组
groupadd www
useradd -g www www
#安装Tengine
tar zxvf tengine-2.1.0.tar.gz
cd tengine-2.1.0
./configure --user=www --group=www \
--prefix=/app/local/nginx \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-pcre=/app/local/pcre-8.37
make && make install
cd ../

配置Nginx

Nginx配置文件的优化很重要,理解每一步的意义

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#修改nginx.conf
vi /app/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
#用户和用户组
user www www;
#工作进程,一般可以按CPU核数设定
worker_processes auto;
worker_cpu_affinity auto;
#全局错误日志级别
# [ debug | info | notice | warn | error | crit ]
error_log logs/error.log error;
#PID文件位置
pid logs/nginx.pid;
#更改worker进程的最大打开文件数限制,避免"too many open files"
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
#events事件指令是设定Nginx的工作模式及连接数上限
events{
#epoll是Linux首选的高效工作模式
use epoll;
#告诉nginx收到一个新连接通知后接受尽可能多的连接
multi_accept on;
#用于定义Nginx每个进程的最大连接数
worker_connections 65536;
}
#HTTP模块控制着nginx http处理的所有核心特性
http {
include mime.types;
#设置文件使用的默认的MIME-type
default_type application/octet-stream;
#对日志格式的设定,main为日志格式别名
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#设置nginx是否将存储访问日志。关闭这个选项可以让读取磁盘IO操作更快
access_log off;
# access_log logs/access.log main buffer=16k;
#开启gzip压缩,实时压缩输出数据流
gzip on;
#设置IE6或者更低版本禁用gzip功能
gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.";
#前端的缓存服务器缓存经过gzip压缩的页面
gzip_vary on;
#允许压缩基于请求和响应的响应流
gzip_proxied any;
#设置数据的压缩等级
gzip_comp_level 4;
#设置对数据启用压缩的最少字节数
gzip_min_length 1k;
#表示申请16个单位为64K的内存作为压缩结果流缓存
gzip_buffers 16 64k;
#用于设置识别HTTP协议版本
gzip_http_version 1.1;
#用来指定压缩的类型
gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
#打开缓存的同时也指定了缓存最大数目,以及缓存的时间
open_file_cache max=200000 inactive=20s;
#在open_file_cache中指定检测正确信息的间隔时间
open_file_cache_valid 30s;
#定义了open_file_cache中指令参数不活动时间期间里最小的文件数
open_file_cache_min_uses 2;
#指定了当搜索一个文件时是否缓存错误信息,也包括再次给配置中添加文件
open_file_cache_errors on;
#设置允许客户端请求的最大的单个文件字节数
client_max_body_size 30M;
#设置客户端请求主体读取超时时间
client_body_timeout 10;
#设置客户端请求头读取超时时间
client_header_timeout 10;
#指定来自客户端请求头的headerbuffer大小
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
#设置客户端连接保持活动的超时时间
keepalive_timeout 60;
#关闭不响应的客户端连接
reset_timedout_connection on;
#设置响应客户端的超时时间
send_timeout 10;
#开启高效文件传输模式
sendfile on;
#告诉nginx在一个数据包里发送所有头文件,而不一个接一个的发送
tcp_nopush on;
#告诉nginx不要缓存数据,而是一段一段的发送
tcp_nodelay on;
#设置用于保存各种key(比如当前连接数)的共享内存的参数
limit_conn_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=addr:5m;
#给定的key设置最大连接数,允许每一个IP地址最多同时打开有100个连接
limit_conn addr 100;
#FastCGI相关参数是为了改善网站的性能:减少资源占用,提高访问速度
fastcgi_buffers 256 16k;
fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 3s;
fastcgi_send_timeout 120s;
fastcgi_read_timeout 120s;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
#不在error_log中记录不存在的错误
log_not_found off;
#关闭在错误页面中的nginx版本数字,提高安全性
#server_tag Apache;
server_tokens off;
#tengine
server_tag off;
server_info off;
#添加虚拟主机的配置文件
include vhosts/*.conf;
#负载均衡配置(暂时略过)
#upstream test.com
#设定虚拟主机配置
server {
#侦听80端口
listen 80;
#定义使用localhost访问
server_name localhost;
#定义首页索引文件的名称
index index.html index.htm index.php;
#定义服务器的默认网站根目录位置
root /app/data/localhost/;
#定义错误提示页面
error_page 404 /404.html;
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
#PHP 脚本请求全部转发到 FastCGI处理. 使用FastCGI默认配置.
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ {
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fastcgi.conf;
}
#静态文件
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
{
#过期30天,频繁更新可设置小一点
expires 30d;
}
location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
{
#过期1小时,不更新可设置大一些
expires 1h;
}
#禁止访问
location ~ /\. {
deny all;
}
}
}

简化配置文件
vi /app/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

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user www www;
worker_processes auto;
worker_cpu_affinity auto;
error_log logs/error.log crit;
pid logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;
events
{
use epoll;
multi_accept on;
worker_connections 51200;
}
http
{
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
access_log off;
#access_log logs/access.log main buffer=16k;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
client_max_body_size 50M;
sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
tcp_nodelay on;
keepalive_timeout 60;
server_tokens off;
server_tag off;
server_info off;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
#gzip on;
#gzip_min_length 1k;
#gzip_buffers 4 16k;
#gzip_http_version 1.1;
#gzip_comp_level 5;
#gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
#gzip_vary on;
include vhosts/*.conf;
}

分离server写入vhosts
mkdir -p /app/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/
vi /app/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/localhost.conf

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server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;
index index.php index.html index.htm;
access_log logs/localhost.log main;
root /app/data/localhost/;
location / {
index index.php index.html index.htm;
}
#error_page 404 /404.html;
#error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ {
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
#fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi.conf;
}
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
{
expires 30d;
}
location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
{
expires 1h;
}
location ~ /\. {
deny all;
}
}
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#检查语法
/app/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
# ./nginx -t
the configuration file /app/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
configuration file /app/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful
#测试用例
mkdir -p /app/data/localhost
chmod +w /app/data/localhost
echo "<?php phpinfo();?>" > /app/data/localhost/phpinfo.php
chown -R www:www /app/data/localhost
#设置nginx系统变量
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/app/local/nginx/sbin'>>/etc/profile && source /etc/profile
#测试访问
curl -I http://localhost
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Tengine/2.1.0
Date: Mon, 27 Jul 2015 06:42:25 GMT
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Connection: keep-alive
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.6.11

添加Tengine到服务

配置服务后便于统一管理
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx

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#!/bin/sh
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
nginx="/app/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/app/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
make_dirs() {
# make required directories
user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
fi
options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
for opt in $options; do
if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
# echo "creating" $value
mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
fi
fi
done
}
start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
make_dirs
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}
restart() {
configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}
reload() {
configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
force_reload() {
restart
}
configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
rh_status() {
status $prog
}
rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
exit 2
esac
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#修改执行权限
chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
ulimit -SHn 65535
service nginx start

安装MySQL

注意目录和字符集等配置文件,推荐使用InnoDB作为存储引擎

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#解压mysql
mkdir -p /app/local/mysql
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
mv mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64/* /app/local/mysql
#增加mysql用户组
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
mkdir -p /app/data/mysql/data/
mkdir -p /app/data/mysql/binlog/
mkdir -p /app/data/mysql/relaylog/
chown -R mysql:mysql /app/data/mysql/
#安装mysql
/app/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/app/local/mysql --datadir=/app/data/mysql/data --user=mysql
#修改mysqld_safe配置路径
sed -i "s#/usr/local/mysql#/app/local/mysql#g" /app/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
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#修改my.cnf配置文件
vi /app/local/mysql/my.cnf
#MySQL客户端
[client]
character-set-server = utf8
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
[mysql]
#prompt="(\u:HOSTNAME:)[\d]> "
#mysql提示符中显示当前用户、数据库、时间等信息
prompt="\u@\h \R:\m:\s [\d]> "
#取消自动补全
no-auto-rehash
#MySQL服务端
[mysqld]
#唯一的服务标识号,主从同步会涉及
server-id = 1
port = 3306
user = mysql
basedir = /app/local/mysql
datadir = /app/data/mysql/data
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
log-error = /app/data/mysql/mysql_error.log
pid-file = /app/data/mysql/mysql.pid
sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES
#默认存储引擎
default-storage-engine = InnoDB
#设置最大并发连接数,如果前端程序是PHP,可适当加大,但不可过大。如果前端程序采用连接池,可适当调小,避免连接数过大
max_connections = 512
#最大连接错误次数,可适当加大,防止频繁连接错误后,前端host被mysql拒绝掉
max_connect_errors = 100000
#所有线程所打开表的数量
table_open_cache = 512
#不允许外部文件级别的锁. 打开文件锁会对性能造成负面影响
external-locking = FALSE
#服务所能处理的请求包的最大大小以及服务所能处理的最大的请求大小
max_allowed_packet = 32M
#启用慢查询日志
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = /app/data/mysql/slow.log
#MySQL打开的文件描述符限制
open_files_limit = 10240
#操作系统在监听队列中所能保持的连接数
back_log = 600
#每个连接都会分配的一些排序、连接等缓冲
sort_buffer_size = 16M
join_buffer_size = 16M
read_buffer_size = 16M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
#在cache中保留多少线程用于重用
thread_cache_size = 300
#查询缓冲
query_cache_size = 128M
#只有小于此设定值的结果才会被缓冲
query_cache_limit = 4M
#设置查询缓存分配内存的最小单位
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
#线程使用的堆大小
thread_stack = 512K
#设置事务隔离级别为 READ-COMMITED,提高事务效率,通常都满足事务一致性要求
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
#临时表的最大大小
tmp_table_size = 256M
#独立的内存表所允许的最大容量
max_heap_table_size = 256M
#设置慢查询阀值
long_query_time = 3
#表示slave将复制事件写进自己的二进制日志
log-slave-updates
#打开二进制日志功能
log-bin = /app/data/mysql/binlog/binlog
sync_binlog = 1
#在一个事务中binlog为了记录SQL状态所持有的cache大小
binlog_cache_size = 4M
#设置混合模式
binlog_format = MIXED
#表示的是binlog能够使用的最大cache 内存大小
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
#binlog最大值
max_binlog_size = 1G
#启用中继日志
relay-log-index = /app/data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /app/data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log = /app/data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
#设置了只保留7天binlog
expire_logs_days = 7
#MyISAM 相关选项
#关键词缓冲的大小, 一般用来缓冲MyISAM表的索引块
key_buffer_size = 128M
#排序缓存
read_rnd_buffer_size = 64M
#限制每个进程中缓冲树的字节数
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 256M
#MyISAM表发生变化时重新排序所需的缓冲
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 256M
#MySQL重建索引时所允许的最大临时文件的大小
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
#如果一个表拥有超过一个索引, MyISAM 可以通过并行排序使用超过一个线程去修复他们
myisam_repair_threads = 1
#自动检查和修复没有适当关闭的 MyISAM 表
myisam_recover
#InnoDB 相关选项
#InnoDB存储数据字典、内部数据结构的缓冲池,16MB 已经足够大了
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
#InnoDB用于缓存数据、索引、锁、插入缓冲、数据字典等
#如果是专用的DB服务器,且以InnoDB引擎为主的场景,通常可设置物理内存的50%
#如果是非专用DB服务器,可以先尝试设置成内存的1/4,如果有问题再调整
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 4G
#InnoDB共享表空间初始化大小,默认是 10MB,也非常坑X,改成 1GB,并且自动扩展
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend
#如果将此参数设置为1,将在每次提交事务后将日志写入磁盘,能较好保护数据可靠性。为提供性能可以设置为0或2,但要承担在发生故障时丢失数据的风险
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#InnoDB的log buffer,通常设置为 64MB 就足够了
innodb_log_buffer_size = 64M
#InnoDB redo log大小,通常设置256MB 就足够了
innodb_log_file_size = 256M
#InnoDB redo log文件组,通常设置为 2 就足够了
innodb_log_files_in_group = 2
#Buffer_Pool中Dirty_Page所占的数量,直接影响InnoDB的关闭时间
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
#启用InnoDB的独立表空间模式,便于管理
innodb_file_per_table = 1
#控制innodb是否对gap加锁
innodb_locks_unsafe_for_binlog = 0
#设置连接超时阀值,如果前端程序采用短连接,建议缩短这2个值
#如果前端程序采用长连接,可直接注释掉这两个选项,是用默认配置(8小时)
interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120
#不再进行反解析(ip不反解成域名),这样可以加快数据库的反应时间
skip-name-resolve
#主从复制跳过错误
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396
[mysqldump]
#不要在将内存中的整个结果写入磁盘之前缓存. 在导出非常巨大的表时需要此项
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M
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#添加mysql到服务
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
#!/bin/sh
basedir=/app/local/mysql
datadir=/app/data/mysql/data
service_startup_timeout=900
lockdir='/var/lock/subsys'
lock_file_path="$lockdir/mysql"
mysqld_pid_file_path=/app/data/mysql/mysql.pid
if test -z "$basedir"
then
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
bindir=/usr/local/mysql/bin
if test -z "$datadir"
then
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
fi
sbindir=/usr/local/mysql/bin
libexecdir=/usr/local/mysql/bin
else
bindir="$basedir/bin"
if test -z "$datadir"
then
datadir="$basedir/data"
fi
sbindir="$basedir/sbin"
libexecdir="$basedir/libexec"
fi
datadir_set=
lsb_functions="/lib/lsb/init-functions"
if test -f $lsb_functions ; then
. $lsb_functions
else
log_success_msg()
{
echo " SUCCESS! $@"
}
log_failure_msg()
{
echo " ERROR! $@"
}
fi
PATH="/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin:$basedir/bin"
export PATH
mode=$1 # start or stop
[ $# -ge 1 ] && shift
other_args="$*" # uncommon, but needed when called from an RPM upgrade action
# Expected: "--skip-networking --skip-grant-tables"
# They are not checked here, intentionally, as it is the resposibility
# of the "spec" file author to give correct arguments only.
case `echo "testing\c"`,`echo -n testing` in
*c*,-n*) echo_n= echo_c= ;;
*c*,*) echo_n=-n echo_c= ;;
*) echo_n= echo_c='\c' ;;
esac
parse_server_arguments() {
for arg do
case "$arg" in
--basedir=*) basedir=`echo "$arg" | sed -e 's/^[^=]*=//'`
bindir="$basedir/bin"
if test -z "$datadir_set"; then
datadir="$basedir/data"
fi
sbindir="$basedir/sbin"
libexecdir="$basedir/libexec"
;;
--datadir=*) datadir=`echo "$arg" | sed -e 's/^[^=]*=//'`
datadir_set=1
;;
--pid-file=*) mysqld_pid_file_path=`echo "$arg" | sed -e 's/^[^=]*=//'` ;;
--service-startup-timeout=*) service_startup_timeout=`echo "$arg" | sed -e 's/^[^=]*=//'` ;;
esac
done
}
wait_for_pid () {
verb="$1" # created | removed
pid="$2" # process ID of the program operating on the pid-file
pid_file_path="$3" # path to the PID file.
i=0
avoid_race_condition="by checking again"
while test $i -ne $service_startup_timeout ; do
case "$verb" in
'created')
# wait for a PID-file to pop into existence.
test -s "$pid_file_path" && i='' && break
;;
'removed')
# wait for this PID-file to disappear
test ! -s "$pid_file_path" && i='' && break
;;
*)
echo "wait_for_pid () usage: wait_for_pid created|removed pid pid_file_path"
exit 1
;;
esac
# if server isn't running, then pid-file will never be updated
if test -n "$pid"; then
if kill -0 "$pid" 2>/dev/null; then
: # the server still runs
else
# The server may have exited between the last pid-file check and now.
if test -n "$avoid_race_condition"; then
avoid_race_condition=""
continue # Check again.
fi
# there's nothing that will affect the file.
log_failure_msg "The server quit without updating PID file ($pid_file_path)."
return 1 # not waiting any more.
fi
fi
echo $echo_n ".$echo_c"
i=`expr $i + 1`
sleep 1
done
if test -z "$i" ; then
log_success_msg
return 0
else
log_failure_msg
return 1
fi
}
# Get arguments from the my.cnf file,
# the only group, which is read from now on is [mysqld]
if test -x ./bin/my_print_defaults
then
print_defaults="./bin/my_print_defaults"
elif test -x $bindir/my_print_defaults
then
print_defaults="$bindir/my_print_defaults"
elif test -x $bindir/mysql_print_defaults
then
print_defaults="$bindir/mysql_print_defaults"
else
# Try to find basedir in /etc/my.cnf
conf=/etc/my.cnf
print_defaults=
if test -r $conf
then
subpat='^[^=]*basedir[^=]*=\(.*\)$'
dirs=`sed -e "/$subpat/!d" -e 's//\1/' $conf`
for d in $dirs
do
d=`echo $d | sed -e 's/[ ]//g'`
if test -x "$d/bin/my_print_defaults"
then
print_defaults="$d/bin/my_print_defaults"
break
fi
if test -x "$d/bin/mysql_print_defaults"
then
print_defaults="$d/bin/mysql_print_defaults"
break
fi
done
fi
# Hope it's in the PATH ... but I doubt it
test -z "$print_defaults" && print_defaults="my_print_defaults"
fi
#
# Read defaults file from 'basedir'. If there is no defaults file there
# check if it's in the old (depricated) place (datadir) and read it from there
#
extra_args=""
if test -r "$basedir/my.cnf"
then
extra_args="-e $basedir/my.cnf"
else
if test -r "$datadir/my.cnf"
then
extra_args="-e $datadir/my.cnf"
fi
fi
parse_server_arguments `$print_defaults $extra_args mysqld server mysql_server mysql.server`
#
# Set pid file if not given
#
if test -z "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
then
mysqld_pid_file_path=$datadir/`hostname`.pid
else
case "$mysqld_pid_file_path" in
/* ) ;;
* ) mysqld_pid_file_path="$datadir/$mysqld_pid_file_path" ;;
esac
fi
case "$mode" in
'start')
# Start daemon
# Safeguard (relative paths, core dumps..)
cd $basedir
echo $echo_n "Starting MySQL"
if test -x $bindir/mysqld_safe
then
# Give extra arguments to mysqld with the my.cnf file. This script
# may be overwritten at next upgrade.
$bindir/mysqld_safe --datadir="$datadir" --pid-file="$mysqld_pid_file_path" $other_args >/dev/null 2>&1 &
wait_for_pid created "$!" "$mysqld_pid_file_path"; return_value=$?
# Make lock for RedHat / SuSE
if test -w "$lockdir"
then
touch "$lock_file_path"
fi
exit $return_value
else
log_failure_msg "Couldn't find MySQL server ($bindir/mysqld_safe)"
fi
;;
'stop')
# Stop daemon. We use a signal here to avoid having to know the
# root password.
if test -s "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
then
mysqld_pid=`cat "$mysqld_pid_file_path"`
if (kill -0 $mysqld_pid 2>/dev/null)
then
echo $echo_n "Shutting down MySQL"
kill $mysqld_pid
# mysqld should remove the pid file when it exits, so wait for it.
wait_for_pid removed "$mysqld_pid" "$mysqld_pid_file_path"; return_value=$?
else
log_failure_msg "MySQL server process #$mysqld_pid is not running!"
rm "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
fi
# Delete lock for RedHat / SuSE
if test -f "$lock_file_path"
then
rm -f "$lock_file_path"
fi
exit $return_value
else
log_failure_msg "MySQL server PID file could not be found!"
fi
;;
'restart')
# Stop the service and regardless of whether it was
# running or not, start it again.
if $0 stop $other_args; then
$0 start $other_args
else
log_failure_msg "Failed to stop running server, so refusing to try to start."
exit 1
fi
;;
'reload'|'force-reload')
if test -s "$mysqld_pid_file_path" ; then
read mysqld_pid < "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
kill -HUP $mysqld_pid && log_success_msg "Reloading service MySQL"
touch "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
else
log_failure_msg "MySQL PID file could not be found!"
exit 1
fi
;;
'status')
# First, check to see if pid file exists
if test -s "$mysqld_pid_file_path" ; then
read mysqld_pid < "$mysqld_pid_file_path"
if kill -0 $mysqld_pid 2>/dev/null ; then
log_success_msg "MySQL running ($mysqld_pid)"
exit 0
else
log_failure_msg "MySQL is not running, but PID file exists"
exit 1
fi
else
# Try to find appropriate mysqld process
mysqld_pid=`pidof $libexecdir/mysqld`
# test if multiple pids exist
pid_count=`echo $mysqld_pid | wc -w`
if test $pid_count -gt 1 ; then
log_failure_msg "Multiple MySQL running but PID file could not be found ($mysqld_pid)"
exit 5
elif test -z $mysqld_pid ; then
if test -f "$lock_file_path" ; then
log_failure_msg "MySQL is not running, but lock file ($lock_file_path) exists"
exit 2
fi
log_failure_msg "MySQL is not running"
exit 3
else
log_failure_msg "MySQL is running but PID file could not be found"
exit 4
fi
fi
;;
*)
# usage
basename=`basename "$0"`
echo "Usage: $basename {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload|status} [ MySQL server options ]"
exit 1
;;
esac
exit 0
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#修改权限
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
service mysqld start
#增加MySQL系统环境变量
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/app/local/mysql/bin'>>/etc/profile && source /etc/profile
#查看错误日志
tail -f /var/log/mysqld.log
#用root账户登录并作简单的安全设置
/app/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p
直接回车空密码
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#进入数据库
use mysql;
#设置root密码
UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=password('root') WHERE User='root';
#清除root密码
update user set password='' where user='root';
#删除无名用户
DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User='';
#删除root远程访问(可选)
#DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User='root' AND Host NOT IN ('localhost', '127.0.0.1', '::1');
#删除“test”数据库
DROP database test;
#允许远程访问
update user set host='%' where user='root' AND host='localhost';
#查看所有用户权限
SELECT DISTINCT CONCAT('User: ''',user,'''@''',host,''';') AS query FROM mysql.user;
#立即生效并退出MYSQL命令窗体
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;QUIT;
#创建数据库
create database ooxx;
#创建用户
create user ooxx@'%' identified by 'ooxx';
#对用户授权
grant all privileges on ooxx.* to ooxx;
#刷新MySQL的系统权限相关表
flush privileges;
#查看所有用户权限
SELECT DISTINCT CONCAT('User: ''',user,'''@''',host,''';') AS query FROM mysql.user;

安装Apache

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cd /app/local
tar zxvf httpd-2.2.29.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.2.29
./configure --prefix=/app/local/apache \
--enable-so \
--enable-rewrite \
--enable-modes-shared=most
make && make install
vi /app/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
#修改主机名
ServerName localhost:80
#查找AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz,在该行下面添加
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
#查找DirectoryIndex index.html 把该行修改成
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
/app/local/apache/bin/apachectl -t
cp /app/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd

安装PHP

PHP基础环境

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#yum安装或者使用下面源包编译安装
yum install libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel mcrypt mhash
#下载地址
http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/MCrypt/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/mhash/files/mhash/
#安装Libmcrypt
tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
3.安装mhash
tar -zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
4.安装mcrypt
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib ./configure
make && make install
cd ../
### 安装PHP
>extension按需定制,支持phpize动态增加,新增的OPcache建议酌情开启
``` bash
tar zxvf php-5.5.27.tar.gz
cd php-5.5.27
./configure --prefix=/app/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/app/local/php/etc \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-mhash \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-curl \
--with-openssl \
--with-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-apxs2=/app/local/apache/bin/apxs
#--enable-opcache
make && make install
#配置php.ini
cp php.ini-development /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
#设置时区
sed -i "s#;date.timezone =#date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai#g" /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
#防止nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞
sed -i "s#;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g" /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
#禁止显示php版本的信息
sed -i "s#expose_php = On#expose_php = Off#g" /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
#禁用危险函数(可选)
#sed -i "s#disable_functions =#disable_functions = exec,passthru,shell_exec,system,proc_open,popen,curl_exec,curl_multi_exec,parse_ini_file,show_source#g" /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
#enable-opcache后设置(可选)
[OPcache]
zend_extension = opcache.so
opcache.enable=1
opcache.memory_consumption=128
opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8
opcache.max_accelerated_files=4000
opcache.revalidate_freq=1
opcache.fast_shutdown=1
opcache.enable_cli=1

配置php-fpm

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#编辑php-fpm
cp /app/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /app/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /app/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
[global]
;错误日志
error_log = log/php-fpm.log
;错误日志级别
log_level = notice
[www]
;php-fpm监听端口
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
;启动进程的帐户和组
user = www
group = www
;如果选择static,则由pm.max_children指定固定的子进程数。如果选择dynamic,则由后面3个参数动态决定
pm = dynamic
;子进程最大数
pm.max_children = 384
;启动时的进程数
pm.start_servers = 20
;保证空闲进程数最小值,如果空闲进程小于此值,则创建新的子进程
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
;保证空闲进程数最大值,如果空闲进程大于此值,此进行清理
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
;设置每个子进程重生之前服务的请求数。对于可能存在内存泄漏的第三方模块来说是非常有用的。如果设置为 '0' 则一直接受请求。等同于 PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS 环境变量。默认值: 0。
pm.max_requests = 1000
;每个子进程闲置多长时间就自杀
pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s
;设置单个请求的超时中止时间。该选项可能会对php.ini设置中的'max_execution_time'因为某些特殊原因没有中止运行的脚本有用。设置为 '0' 表示 'Off'.当经常出现502错误时可以尝试更改此选项。
request_terminate_timeout = 120
;当一个请求该设置的超时时间后,就会将对应的PHP调用堆栈信息完整写入到慢日志中。设置为 '0' 表示 'Off'
request_slowlog_timeout = 3s
;慢请求的记录日志,配合request_slowlog_timeout使用
slowlog = /app/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.slow.log
;设置文件打开描述符的rlimit限制。默认值: 系统定义值默认可打开句柄是1024,可使用 ulimit -n查看,ulimit -n 2048修改。
rlimit_files = 65535
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#设置php环境变量
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/app/local/php/bin'>>/etc/profile && source /etc/profile
touch /app/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.slow.log
#添加php-fpm服务
cp /app/local/php-5.5.27/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
service php-fpm start
#设置开机自动启动服务
vi /etc/rc.local
ulimit -SHn 65535
service php-fpm start
service nginx start
service mysqld start

配置memcache/mongo/redis

其它extension扩展都可以动态添加,没事的

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#memcache
cd /app/local
tar zxvf memcache-3.0.8.tgz
cd memcache-3.0.8
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-memcache \
--with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config \
--with-zlib-dir
make && make install
#mongo
cd /app/local
tar zxvf mongo-1.6.10.tgz
cd mongo-1.6.10
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install
#redis
cd /app/local
tar zxvf redis-2.2.7.tgz
cd redis-2.2.7
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install
#php.ini
vi /app/local/php/etc/php.ini
[memcached]
extension=memcached.so
[mongodb]
extension=mongo.so
[redis]
extension=redis.so
#重启生效
service php-fpm restart
php -i | grep php.ini
php -m

自动化部署

服务器的上传目录可以自定义,安装目录默认统一修改为/app/{local,data},执行脚本为web.sh

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#web.sh
#!/bin/bash
## alias
ltmp_local=$(cd "$(dirname "$0")"; pwd)
mkdir -p /app/{local,data}
unalias cp
ltmp_init=$ltmp_local/init/
ltmp_src=$ltmp_local/src/
## system
#history
cp ${ltmp_init}bashrc /etc/
#time
rm -rf /etc/localtime
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
#maildrop
sed 's/MAILTO=root/MAILTO=""/g' /etc/crontab
service crond restart
#selinux
setenforce 0
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
#limits
echo ulimit -SHn 65535 >> /etc/profile
source /etc/profile
cp ${ltmp_init}limits.conf /etc/security/
#tcp
cp ${ltmp_init}sysctl.conf /etc/
#yum
yum -y install yum-fastestmirror
yum remove httpd mysql mysql-server php php-cli php-common php-devel php-gd -y
yum install -y wget gcc gcc-c++ openssl* curl curl-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel gd gd2 gd-devel gd2-devel libaio autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel
#download
cd /app/local
##PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
#wget "ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.37.tar.gz"
##Tengine
#wget "http://tengine.taobao.org/download/tengine-2.1.0.tar.gz"
##MySQL
#wget "https://downloads.mariadb.com/archives/mysql-5.6/mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz"
##PHP
#wget "http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.11.tar.gz"
##Mhash
#wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz"
##libmcrypt
#wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz"
##Mcrypt
#wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz"
## soft
cd $ltmp_local
#pcre
tar zxvf pcre-8.37.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd pcre-8.37
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
#tengine
groupadd www
useradd -g www www
#安装Tengine
cd $ltmp_local
tar zxvf tengine-2.1.0.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd tengine-2.1.0
./configure --user=www --group=www \
--prefix=/app/local/nginx \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-pcre=${ltmp_local}/pcre-8.37
make && make install
cd ../
#nginx config
cd $ltmp_local
cp ${ltmp_init}nginx.conf /app/local/nginx/conf/
cp -r ${ltmp_init}vhosts /app/local/nginx/conf/
mkdir -p /app/data/localhost
chmod +w /app/data/localhost
echo "<?php phpinfo();?>" > /app/data/localhost/phpinfo.php
chown -R www:www /app/data/localhost
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/app/local/nginx/sbin'>>/etc/profile && source /etc/profile
cp ${ltmp_init}nginx /etc/rc.d/init.d/
chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
ulimit -SHn 65535
service nginx start
#libmcrypt
cd $ltmp_src
tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
#mhash
cd $ltmp_src
tar -zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd mhash-0.9.9.9
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
#mcrypt
cd $ltmp_src
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd mcrypt-2.6.8
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib ./configure
make && make install
cd ../
#php
cd $ltmp_local
tar zxvf php-5.5.27.tar.gz 1> /dev/null
cd php-5.5.27
./configure --prefix=/app/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/app/local/php/etc \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-mhash \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-curl \
--with-openssl \
--with-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd
make && make install
#memcache
cd $ltmp_src
tar zxvf memcache-3.0.8.tgz 1> /dev/null
cd memcache-3.0.8
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-memcache \
--with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config \
--with-zlib-dir
make && make install
#mongo
cd $ltmp_src
tar zxvf mongo-1.6.10.tgz 1> /dev/null
cd mongo-1.6.10
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install
#redis
cd $ltmp_src
#redis
tar zxvf redis-2.2.7.tgz 1> /dev/null
cd redis-2.2.7
/app/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/app/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install
#php-fpm
cp ${ltmp_init}php.ini /app/local/php/etc/
cp ${ltmp_init}php-fpm.conf /app/local/php/etc/
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/app/local/php/bin'>>/etc/profile && source /etc/profile
touch /app/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.slow.log
cp ${ltmp_local}/php-5.5.27/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
service php-fpm start

GitHub源码仓库

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file://E:\QQDownload\LTMP (2 folders, 5 files, 27.66 MB, 30.76 MB in total.)
│ httpd-2.2.29.tar.gz 7.19 MB
│ pcre-8.37.tar.gz 1.95 MB
│ php-5.5.27.tar.gz 16.95 MB
│ tengine-2.1.0.tar.gz 1.58 MB
│ web.sh 4.10 KB
├─init (1 folders, 12 files, 91.42 KB, 92.23 KB in total.)
│ │ allow.conf 35 bytes
│ │ bashrc 2.99 KB
│ │ deny.conf 35 bytes
│ │ limits.conf 1.86 KB
│ │ my.cnf 1.99 KB
│ │ mysqld 8.39 KB
│ │ nginx 2.22 KB
│ │ nginx.conf 1.34 KB
│ │ php-fpm 2.30 KB
│ │ php-fpm.conf 416 bytes
│ │ php.ini 67.83 KB
│ │ sysctl.conf 2.03 KB
│ └─vhosts (0 folders, 1 files, 826 bytes, 826 bytes in total.)
│ localhost.conf 826 bytes
└─src (0 folders, 6 files, 3.01 MB, 3.01 MB in total.)
libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 1.27 MB
mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz 460.85 KB
memcache-3.0.8.tgz 68.87 KB
mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz 909.61 KB
mongo-1.6.10.tgz 204.19 KB
redis-2.2.7.tgz 131.19 KB

LTMP - https://github.com/wsgzao/LTMP

文章目录
  1. 1. 前言
  2. 2. 更新历史
  3. 3. LTMP版本
  4. 4. 配置Tengine
    1. 4.1. 安装PCRE
  5. 5. 安装Tengine
    1. 5.1. 配置Nginx
    2. 5.2. 添加Tengine到服务
  6. 6. 安装MySQL
  7. 7. 安装Apache
  8. 8. 安装PHP
    1. 8.1. PHP基础环境
    2. 8.2. 配置php-fpm
    3. 8.3. 配置memcache/mongo/redis
  9. 9. 自动化部署
  10. 10. GitHub源码仓库